Geography for Prelims

Natural Farming – UPSC Prelims

What is Natural Farming? Natural Farming can be defined as “chemical-free farming and livestock-based”. It is a diversified farming system that integrates crops, trees and livestock, allowing the optimum use of functional biodiversity. Natural Farming has many indigenous forms in India, the most popular one is practised in Andhra Pradesh called Zero Budget Natural Farming(ZBNF). What …

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Indian Ocean Dipole – UPSC Prelims

Indian Ocean Dipole: The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) is defined by the difference in sea surface temperature between two areas (or poles, hence a dipole) – a western pole in the Arabian Sea (western Indian Ocean) and an eastern pole in the eastern Indian Ocean south of Indonesia. IOD develops in the equatorial region of Indian Ocean from April to May peaking in October. …

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