Sardar Sarovar Dam – UPSC Prelims

Sardar Sarovar Dam

  • It is a concrete gravity dam on the Narmada River in Kevadiya near Navagam, Gujarat.
  • Four Indian states, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, receive water and electricity supplied from the dam.
  • They share the water as per the ratio stipulated by the 1979 award of the Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal.
  • Construction of the Dam:
    • The foundation stone of the dam was laid out by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961.
    • However, the construction of the dam was stopped by the Supreme Court of India in 1995 over concerns of displacement of people.
    • In 2000–01, the project was again revived but with a lower height under directions from SC. But its height was later again increased to 139 metres in 2017.
    • The dam was then inaugurated in 2017 by the present Prime minister.

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