Vaigai River – UPSC Prelims

Vaigai River:
  • Vaigai is a river in Tamil Nadu. The river is also referred to as Shiva Ganga in many places.
  • It is also called Kritamaala because it runs around the city of Madurai like a garland
  • Historic significance:
    • The Vaigai was the river that flowed through the city of Madurai, the capital of the ancient and prosperous Pandya kingdom located in southern Tamil Nadu.
    • The river also finds a mention in Sangam literature dated to 300 before the Common Era (BCE).
    • The story of Vaigai is told in Thiruvilayadal Puranam
  • Origin: The river originates in the Varusanadu Hills, the Periyar Plateau of the Western Ghats range.
  • Empties into: The river finally empties into the Palk Strait near the Pamban Bridge in Ramanathapuram district.
  • Tributaries: Its main tributaries are Suruliyaru, Mullaiyaru, Varaaga Nadhi, Manjalaru, Kottagudi, Kridhumaal and Upparu.
  • The Vattaparai Falls are also located on this river.
  • Significance: The river fulfils the drinking water requirement of five districts of Tamil Nadu namely Theni, Madurai, Ramanathapuram, Sivagangai and Dindigul.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top