Natural Farming – UPSC Prelims

What is Natural Farming?
  • Natural Farming can be defined as “chemical-free farming and livestock-based”.
  • It is a diversified farming system that integrates crops, trees and livestock, allowing the optimum use of functional biodiversity.
  • Natural Farming has many indigenous forms in India, the most popular one is practised in Andhra Pradesh called Zero Budget Natural Farming(ZBNF).

What are the benefits of Natural Farming?
  • Improves Yield
  • Increased Farmers Income
  • Minimize the cost of production
  • Ensure better Health as less use of fertilizers and pesticides, reduces the incidence of non-communicable diseases
  • Employment Generation
  • Eliminate the application of chemical inputs
  • Environment Conservation
  • Reduce Water Consumption
  • Rejuvenate Soil Health
  • Resilience to the crops against weather extremities.
What is the scheme to promote Natural Farming?
Bharatiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati(BPKP): BPKP is a sub-mission under the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana(PKVY) which falls within the umbrella of the National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture(NMSA).
Aim: To promote traditional indigenous practices, which give freedom to farmers from externally purchased inputs.
Focus: It focuses on on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching; use of cow dung–urine formulations; and exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs either directly or indirectly.

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