White-Bellied Heron – UPSC Prelims

White-Bellied Heron
  • White-bellied Heron is a rare and elusive bird.
  • It is the second-largest living species of heron.
  • Characteristics: 
    • The White-bellied Heron is extremely shy to human presence.
    • It is plain dark grey in colour except for the white belly part.
    • It has a long neck.
  • Habitat:
    • It is one of the rarest birds in the world.
    • At present, it is found only in Bhutan, Myanmar and the Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh, India.
    • But the bird has also been recorded in the Kamlang Tiger Reserve in Lohit district in Arunachal Pradesh through camera trap images.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN Status: Critically Endangered
    • Indian Wildlife Protection Act,1972: Schedule IV
  • Threats:
    • Loss and degradation of lowland forests and wetlands through direct exploitation and disturbance by humans
    • Natural forest fires have destroyed nests of Heron


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