UNESCO-IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) – UPSC Prelims

  • It was established in 1960 as a body with functional autonomy within UNESCO.
  • It is the only competent organization for marine science within the UN system.
  • It is leading a global effort to establish ocean-based tsunami warning systems as part of an overall multi-hazard disaster reduction strategy.
  • Recently, UNESCO-IOC approved the recognition of two communities of Odisha viz., Venkatraipur and Noliasahi as Tsunami Ready Communities.
Tsunami Ready Programme: 
  • It is a community performance-based programme initiated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission(IOC) of UNESCO.
  • Aim: To promote tsunami preparedness through active collaboration of public, community leaders and national and local emergency management agencies.
  • Objectives:
    • To improve coastal community’s preparedness for tsunami emergencies
    • To minimize the loss of life and property and
    • To ensure systematic approach in building community preparedness through implementing the best-practice indicators set by the UNESCO-IOC.

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