Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QSD) or QUAD – UPSC Prelims

  • It is an informal strategic forum comprising :
    • India,
    • Japan,
    • Australia
    • United States of America
  • The shared objective is to ensure and sustain an open, free and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.
  • The idea behind the QUAD is to keep the strategic and significant sea routes in the Indo-Pacific free of any influence.
  • Established in 2007–2008. Discontinued.  Restarted after negotiations since November 2017.

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