UNESCO-MAB(Man and Biosphere) Program – UPSC Prelims

  • It is an intergovernmental scientific programme launched in 1971 by UNESCO to establish a scientific basis for enhancing the relationship between people and their environments.
  • Under the programme, UNESCO has established the World Network of Biosphere Reserves(WNBR).
  • Biosphere reserves are nominated by national governments.
  • If selected by UNESCO, they are included in the WNBR.
  • There are 12 biosphere reserves of India which have been recognized internationally under Man and Biosphere(MAB) Reserve program.
  • These are:
    1. Nilgiri(First one to be included) 
    2. Gulf of Mannar
    3. Sunderban 
    4. Nanda Devi 
    5. Nokrek 
    6. Pachmarhi
    7. Similipal 
    8. Achanakmar – Amarkantak 
    9. Great Nicobar 
    10. Agasthyamala
    11. Khangchendzonga (2018) and 
    12. Panna(2020).

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