Economic Survey 2022 : Industry and Infrastructure – UPSC GS3

Industry and Infrastructure:
  • The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) grew at 17.4% during April-November 2021 as compared to (-)15.3% in April-November 2020.
  • Capital expenditure for the Indian railways has increased to Rs. 155,181 crores in 2020-21 from an average annual of Rs. 45,980 crores during 2009-14 and it has been budgeted to further increase to Rs. 215,058 crores in 2021-22 – a five times increase in comparison to the 2014 level.
  • Extent of road construction per day increased substantially in 2020-21 to 36.5 Kms per day from 28 Kms per day in 2019-20 – a rise of 30.4%.
  • Net profit to sales ratio of large corporations reached an all-time high of 10.6% in July-September quarter of 2021-22 despite the pandemic (RBI Study).
  • Introduction of Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme, major boost provided to infrastructure-both physical as well as digital, along with measures to reduce transaction costs and improve ease of doing business, would support the pace of recovery.

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