The 2018 United Nations Climate Change Conference that took place in Katowice, Poland, is the 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24). It is also referred to as the Katowice Climate Change Conference or Katowice Climate Talks. The most important outcome of COP24 was that the countries have agreed on rules for the implementation of the 2015 Paris Agreement.
Main Outcomes of COP 24 in Katowice:
- The participating nations agreed on the rules to implement the Paris Agreement that will come into effect in 2020.
- The rules are regarding how the member nations will measure the carbon-emissions and report on their emissions-cutting efforts.
- This ‘rulebook’ can be called as the detailed “operating manual” of the 2015 Paris Agreement.
- The members of the conference did not agree to “welcome” the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report on 1.5°C.
- The US, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Kuwait refused to “welcome” the IPCC report.
- The parties to the conference agreed to record the pledges in a public registry, as per the existing interim portal.
- The public registry will continue to include a search function, although many attempts have been made to get it deleted.
- It was also agreed among the members that future pledges should cover a “common timeframe” from 2031. The number of years for the timeframe will be decided later.
Many difficult matters could not reach an agreement and have been postponed to next year for resolution. This includes questions such as ways to scale up existing commitments on emission reduction, different ways of providing financial aid to the poor nations, wording that prevents double counting and whether member nations are doing enough to cut their respective emissions.