United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2018 report:
According to United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2018 report, number of hungry people in world has risen for first time in more than decade.
There are now approximately 38 million more undernourished people in the world, rising from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016.
The report is an overview of progress towards achieving 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG), which consists of 17 goals and 169 targets. .
1 in 9 people remain chronically undernourished
3.1 mn children die of malnutrition each year
Extreme poverty in developing regions have come down from 43% in 1990 to 17% in 2015. But the progress has been uneven across the globe.
72 out of 129 countries have achieved MDG target of halving the prevalence of undernourished population.
- India’s efforts at improving access to food and good nutrition are led by the National Food Security Act. There are special nutritional schemes for women and children operated through the States.
- In spite of such interventions, 14.5% of the population suffers from undernourishment, going by the UN’s assessment for 2014-16.
- At the national level, 53% of women are anaemic, Health Ministry data show.
- Centre recently said it had received only 3,888 complaints on the public distribution system (PDS) over a five-year period. All this shows that the Centre and State governments are woefully short on the commitment to end undernourishment.
- Institutions such as the State Food Commissions have not made a big difference either.
- Distributing nutritious food as a public health measure is still not a political imperative, while ill-conceived policies are making it difficult for many to do this.