SDG Report 2018

United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2018 report:
  • According to United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2018 report, number of hungry people in world has risen for first time in more than decade.
  • There are now approximately 38 million more undernourished people in the world, rising from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016.
  • The report is an overview of progress towards achieving 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG), which consists of 17 goals and 169 targets. .
 
Key Highlights of report
  • Key Factors for rinsing Hunger: 
    • Conflict, drought and disasters linked to climate change are among the key factors causing this reversal in progress.
    • Violent conflict is now one of the main drivers of food insecurity in 18 countries and it has led to the forced displacement of record high 68.5 million in 2017.
  • Improvements: 
    • The number of people living on less than $2 a day declined from 26.9% of the world’s population in 2000 to 9.2% in 2017.
    • The mortality rate for children under five has dropped by almost 50% the least developed countries.
  • South Asia: 
    • The region (which also includes India) has seen child marriage rates plunge, with girl’s risk of getting married in childhood dropping by 40% from 2000 to 2017.
    • The water stress levels for many countries in region are above 70%, indicating fast-approaching water scarcity.
    • More than nine out of 10 people living in urban areas around world are breathing polluted air, with southern Asia scoring worst in this area.
    • While electricity and sanitation deficits in south Asia are still poor, but efforts are being made to close the gap.

ias4sure.com - SDG Report 2018

 

  • Need to achieve deadline: 
  • Just 12 years left to 2030 deadline, achieving 2030 SDG Agenda requires immediate and accelerated actions by countries along with collaborative partnerships among governments and stakeholders at all levels.