Present situation of Left-Wing Extremism in India – UPSC GS3

Context : At least 26 Naxals were killed recently in an encounter with the Maharashtra police in Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra. Present situation of Left-Wing Extremists in India Guerrilla attacks: Over time, the Maoists have managed their own strikes against security forces, but such attacks have not yielded an increase in support base or increase in …

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Salwa Judum Verdict : Outcome after 10 years – UPSC GS3

Utility: The Salwa Judum judgment was delivered 10 years ago. Hence important. Background: The Supreme Court (SC) delivered a historic judgment on 5th July 2011 in Nandini Sundar and others versus the State of Chhattisgarh case. The judgment was aimed to curb the misuse of power by the government and protect tribal rights. Salwa Judum Judgment: …

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Tarem Attack – UPSC GS3

Context: Over 20 paramilitary personnel died in an encounter with the Maoists in the Tarrem area near Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district. Tarrem attack points out that the declining Maoists remain a strong military threat. Reports point out a Maoist surprise attack on the paramilitary personnel. Forces were performing search operations in Maoist strongholds. The timing of these search …

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Important Initiatives for LWE affected States – UPSC GS3

 Important Initiatives for LWE Affected States Road Connectivity Project for LWE affected areas LWE Mobile Tower Project Aspirational District: The Ministry of Home Affairs has been tasked with the monitoring of Aspirational districts program in 35 LWE affected districts. Special Central Assistance (SCA) for 30 most LWE affected districts. Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme.


 SAMADHAN Doctrine A one-stop solution for the LWE problem. It encompasses the entire strategy of government from short-term policy to long-term policy formulated at different levels. SAMADHAN stands for: S-Smart Leadership, A-Aggressive Strategy, M-Motivation and Training, A-Actionable Intelligence, D-Dashboard Based KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) and KRAs (Key Result Areas), H-Harnessing Technology, A-Action plan for each …

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Government to transform 115 backward districts by 2022 – UPSC GS3

What is the Plan? The Union Government has selected 115 backward districts for rapid transformation by 2022 in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision to create a “New India” over the next five years. These 115 backward districts include 35 districts affected by Left Wing Extremists (LWE) violence, 55 districts just affected by LWE …

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Sukma Attack – UPSC GS3

Deadly Attack killing 25 CRPF Jawans in Sukma   Why this has happened? Absence of strategic clarity, over-dependence of states on Central forces, have crippled the fight against Maoists No Training to the CRPF Personnel Shortage of MPVs (Mine Protected Vehicles) Lack of Intelligence sharing between local police and Central forces   Issues No Director …

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Naxalism – UPSC GS3

Facts: More than 1 lakh armed police forces have been deployed in 10 Naxal-affected states. Lack of inter-State connectivity has hampered their operations on many occasions. Road Requirement Plan-II –> building bridges and roads connecting two or more state to ensure smooth movement of security forces. Modus Operandi of Attack/Rebellion Of Naxalites Belief in Mao …

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