Health for Prelims

Fairbank Disease – UPSC Prelims

Fairbank Disease: Fairbanks disease or multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a rare genetic disorder (1 in 10,000 births) which affects the growing ends of bones. Bones usually elongate by a process that involves the depositing of cartilage at the ends of the bones, called ossification. This cartilage then mineralizes and hardens to become bone. In MED, this process is defective. The …

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Baricitinib – UPSC Prelims

Baricitinib: It is part of a class of drugs called Janus kinase(JAK) inhibitors that suppress the overstimulation of the immune system. It is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. Now, it has been strongly recommended for patients with severe or critical Covid-19 in combination with corticosteroids.

Pig Heart Transplantation to Humans – UPSC Prelims

Pig Heart Transplantation to Human: A US man has become the first person in the world to get a heart transplant from a genetically-modified pig. This is the first successful transplant of a pig’s heart into a human being. However, it’s too soon to know if the operation really will work. The earlier attempts of animal-to-human transplants or xenotransplantation have …

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Mud Crab Reovirus – UPSC Prelims

Mud Crab Reovirus (MCRV): Mud Crab Reovirus (MCRV) is also known as Sleeping Disease. The virus belongs to the “Reoviridae” family. Reoviridae is a family of double-stranded RNA viruses. This virus has a wide host range including vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, protists and fungi. Reovirus mainly infects connective tissue cells of the hepatopancreas, gills and intestine in …

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Molnupiravir – UPSC Prelims

Molnupiravir: It is an anti-viral Covid-19 pill approved by Indian Drug regulator. Molnupiravir was initially developed to treat influenza. Now it is being repurposed as an oral antiviral candidate to treat Covid-19 patients. It works by introducing errors into the SARS-CoV-2 virus’ genetic code, which prevents the virus from further replicating. The drug has been cleared for …

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Trans Fats – UPSC Prelims

Trans fats are a form of unsaturated fat associated with a number of negative health effects. Artificial trans fat is created during hydrogenation, which converts liquid vegetable oils into semi-solid partially hydrogenated oil. These fats are largely produced artificially but also occur naturally. The major sources of artificial TFAs are the partially hydrogenated vegetable oils …

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Omicron – UPSC Prelims

Omicron is a new variant of COVID virus. This variant has been named as Omicron. Omicron variant was first detected in South Africa. The Omicron Variant might have evolved during a chronic infection of an immunocompromised person, possibly in an untreated HIV/AIDS patient.