Fairbank Disease – UPSC Prelims

Fairbank Disease:
  • Fairbanks disease or multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a rare genetic disorder (1 in 10,000 births) which affects the growing ends of bones.
  • Bones usually elongate by a process that involves the depositing of cartilage at the ends of the bones, called ossification.
  • This cartilage then mineralizes and hardens to become bone. In MED, this process is defective.
  • The Fairbank’s disease (Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia) patient usually requires management of pain and orthopaedic procedures, for which facilities are available at tertiary care institutions in India.
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