Falkland Islands – UPSC Prelims

Falkland Islands:
  • Falkland Islands is also called Malvinas Islands or Spanish Islas Malvinas.
  • It is an internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic Ocean.
  • It lies about 300 miles northeast of the southern tip of South America and a similar distance east of the Strait of Magellan.
  • The capital and major town is Stanley, on East Falkland.
  • There are also several scattered small settlements as well as a Royal Air Force base that is located at Mount Pleasant.
  • There are two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland, and about 200 smaller islands.
  • The government of the Falkland Islands also administers the British overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, including the Shag and Clerke rocks.
  • Why in News?
    • China recently supported Argentina’s claim over these islands which are administered by UK.

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