Disproportionate and excessive use of lethal force against protesters outside the Sterlite Copper Plant.
- Spiritual leaders in the country could play a vital in removing corruption and promoting environmental protection.
- We consider nature as mother not for carrying us but to serve her. There is a tradition of even giving up lives for the sake of trees in the country. Even before a bough is cut, prayers are offered. We are taught to be sensitive to life, living creatures and plants since childhood
- But even this tradition had come under strain with passing times.
- Hence, the community of spiritual leaders had to put in their efforts on environmental protection to meet the challenge of climate change.
- They should also emphasise on cleanliness as their words would have more impact on the people, he said.
- The Indian society believed that the whole world was a family (‘Vasudaiva Kutumbakam’).
- It was in this belief that the solution to the problem of fundamentalism lay.
- At the root of terror was the feeling that one’s way or path was right. But India believed in equality of all creeds
- A rise in the number of cases of sexual assault and misbehaviour with girl students.
- Many teachers have been suspended from service.
- The Education Department was chalking out a plan to hold special sessions for teachers to curb the trend.
What do you understand by “work culture‟? How does work culture in India differs from that of West’s? Examine. (150 Words)
- Indians focus on quantity of time spent in work rather than quality of work, this is because of impression of work by time as no innovative/creative work was done during colonial period. Hence, the image of hardworking by time. Working hours in India is 10 hours while in West it is maximum 6-8 hours.
- West focusses individuality and hence relation between superior and sub-ordinates are very formal. Calling by their first name, only work related tasks, lesser interpersonal skills and bonding are prevalent in West unlike India.
- West takes work place as place of recreation, fun, innovation and creativity. Hence they focus more on aesthetic and facilities like gym, clubs, lounges etc. This is unlike Indian counterpart, who focuses majorly on productivity.
- I will make it a habit of commending the efforts of most performing workers.
- I will try to make them realize their worth to the organization by recognizing their contribution.
- I will be approachable to my workers for work and personal problems and would genuinely try to solve them
- Get together with families of workers can be organized to improve TRUST AND COOPERATION.
- I will make sure that the newer workers, women, handicapped and lower caste workers are able to work with complete DIGNITY .
It is often reported in news that honest officers who expose scams or who go after the corrupt are frequently transferred to ‘not so good’ posts. This causes a sort of mental harassment to the officer and to his family too.
- An individual places highest regard for service i.e. “Service before self”. Something like a soldier feels on war-front or doctor feels in operation theatre. Similarly a public servant should feel while administering.
- An individual needs very high personal morals and needs to internalise principles of honesty and Integrity. These weapons will always immunise one from surrendering to a wrong doing and face repercussions boldly.
- A sense of purpose, commitment to service and serving others, dedication for job and respect for law are some general values which needs to be imbibed along with patience and perseverance.
You are working as district collector. Your wife, who is a housewife, is angry that you spend more time with the public and in office doing government work rather than spending time with her. She is also not happy with the fact that you are not even talking to children these days because of your busy work schedule. She is sometimes supportive of you. But sometimes she keeps asking you why you married her when all you wanted was serving the public 24×7. Her parents are worried too. Even though you want to spend time with your family, work pressure is not allowing you to do this. Recently she even told you that she would divorce you rather than living such a lonely life.
- work-life balance is sine qua non for sustainable performance of duties by any professional.
- a good administrator is one who not only manages well the public relations but more importantly personal relations too.
- personal and professional lives are intrinsically linked. Disturbance in one has potential to create disequilibrium in another. So an administrator should focus on creatively integrating both.
- divorce the wife and marry other civil servant girl – worst option – unbecoming to a good administrator-shirking responsibility of being a husband and parent-moreover marrying other civil servant doesn’t mean that she will not require care, affection and proper time sharing.
- leave public work it will never end, manage your personal life- again extreme action-why join public services if so oriented toward personal life pleasures? – will show weaknesses like immaturity to handle conflicting problems -not expected from a good administrator.
- Middle path- balance both-creative integration- perhaps best way to handle such situations. How? –
- The protection regime can safeguard the person’s identity providing safety through anonymity
- Increasing cases of violence, murder and intimidation of whistle blowers which has a chilling effect on such acts of public interest disclosure can be addressed effectively. Manjunath , Satyendra Dubey had to pay with their lives for exposing the corruption in their departments.
- An institutional mechanism ensures people know which agencies to report these acts of indiscretion and can demand protection for themselves and family.
- It encourages people to go for public disclosure knowing that they will be safe and won’t be harassed by administration or office seniors.
A principal charge levelled against civil servants who reveal wrongdoing by their political bosses, post-retirement, is that they speak up too late. Do you think civil servants while still serving should blow the whistle against their colleagues or political bosses even if the latter is powerful? Critically comment on the issue. (200 Words)
“Many see Whistle-blowers as a snitch or a low life who betray a sacred trust largely for personal gains. “ How far do you agree with the statement? Substantiate with suitable examples. (150 Words)
- Corruption cases such as 2G spectrum could be proved only if whistle blowers are protected and motivated. A real life story of a young and honest engineering graduate‘s revelation of malpractices and his subsequent tragic death is a good example of whistle-blower’s sacrifice and determination of serving the country.
- Satyendra Kumar Dubey was the Deputy Manager in NHAI on 2002. He found many wrong doings in the golden quadrilateral project in Bihar and so sent a letter to PMO addressing the PM about the loot of public money and poor implementation of the highway project.
- Since letters of a common man are usually not treated with seriousness, he had revealed his identity and emphasized the need to probe into the project’s working.
- Unfortunately, he was killed by some ‘unknown’ persons and it sparked wide protests across the country calling for a legislation to protect whistle-blowers who expose corruption.
- Mr. Dubey did what he must in spite of the personal consequences, obstacles, dangers and pressures. Not only Dubey, some other informants like S. Manjunath, Amit Jethwa, Shehla Masood, etc were also killed dubiously after whistle-blowing.
Is it ethical to protect whistle-blowers? Justify. (150 Words)
- Citizens Whistleblowers Forum (CWF): A Forum created by a group of eminent persons which will hear complaints from Whistleblowers.
For a civil servant what qualities are required to withstand pressure from various influential sections to stick to rule book and follow his/her conscience as sources of ethical guidance to do the right thing? With suitable examples, discuss these qualities. (200 Words)
Six poor women belonging to a community that strictly restricts women to kitchen decide to go to work in a nearby factory. They want to earn for their families and repay mounting debt. They want freedom from moneylenders. But the village panchayat warns these women against working in factory. It issues diktat to get money from moneylenders instead. These women are also ostracised and humiliated in the village by the powerful panchayat members.
- To support their family and to become financially independent.
- To pay debt and come out of the debt cycle engraved by high rate of interest charged by money lenders.
- Patriarchal society: Giving freedom to women for work goes against this mindset who wants to bound women within the four walls of the house only.
- Money lenders don’t want to lose out on their profits from loans taken by people. So they put pressure on panchayat to stop women from taking employment and they continue being dependent on money lenders for finance.
- Protecting the dignity of women.
- Saving marginalized sections from the powerful persons in the village.
- Upholding constitutional values. Providing an environment so that people can enjoy their fundamental rights.
a) In your opinion, in India, what barriers exist for women to showcase their talents in different fields? Critically discuss (150 Words)