UJALA – National LED Programme – UPSC Prelims

Ministry/Department :  Ministry of Power
UJALA stands for Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All
Objective: To save energy consumption by distributing LED equipment which are energy efficient
Scheme:
  • It is zero-subsidy scheme that aims to promote efficient lighting, enhance awareness on using efficient equipment which reduce electricity bills and preserve environment.
  • The scheme is being implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under the Union Ministry of Power.
  • It is LED based Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP).
  • Under the scheme, LED bulbs, LED tube lights and energy efficient fans are being provided to domestic consumers for replacement of the conventional and inefficient variants.
  • It wants every home in India to use LED bulbs so that the net power or energy consumption rate comes down and the carbon emission rates can also be checked
  • The scheme will not only help reduce consumers their electricity bills but also contribute to the energy security of India.
Factual Information:
  • Started in March 2015
  • Target end date was March 2016 for domestic and street-lighting in 100 cities
Advantages of LED Bulb over CFL and ICL:
  • A 7W LED bulb provides same amount of light as a 14W Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) and a 60W Incandescent Lamp (ICL). It thereby saves almost 90% energy as compared to ICLs and 50 per cent in case of CFLs.
  • LED bulbs have a very long life, almost 50 times more than ordinary bulbs, and 8-10 times that of CFLs, and therefore provide both energy and cost savings.
Analysis:
  • The implementation of scheme has increased penetration of LED in domestic market to 10% from mere 0.4% earlier.
  • It has also increased India’s share in global LED market to 12% from a mere 0.1%.
  • It has increased annual LED domestic production from 30 lakh bulbs to over 6 crore bulbs, simultaneously creating 60,000 jobs.