National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

  • NHRC is apex statutory watchdog of human rights in the country, i.e. the rights related to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the international convents.
  • It was established in 1993 as per the statutory provisions of Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
  • It is multimember body consisting of Chairman and four members.
  • President appoints the Chairman and members of the NHRC on the recommendation of the high-powered committee headed by the Prime Minister.
  • Its headquarters is located in New Delhi.
  • NHRC can either take suo motu cognisance of cases through media reports or complaint filed by victim or any other person on his or her behalf or on basis of reports received from the police department.
  • Functions of NHRC:
    • Investigate violations of human rights committed by the government.
    • Intervene in legal proceedings related to human rights.
    • Recommend to provide relief to the victims and their families.
    • Review protection provided by Constitution.
    • Study international treaties related to human rights, etc. and recommend for effective implementation on its basis.
    • Promote research in the field of human rights.
    • Spread human rights education in different sections of the society.