Loktak Lake

  • Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India and is famous for the phumdis floating over it.
  • Phumdis are the heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil and organic matter at various stages of decomposition.
  • Keibul Lamjao National Park is also one of Phumdis in the lake.
  • It is only floating national park in world and is last natural refuge of endangered Sangai deer.
  • This ancient lake plays an important role in the economy of Manipur.
  • It serves as a source of water for irrigation, drinking water supply and hydropower generation.
  • Considering the ecological status and its biodiversity values, Loktak lake was initially designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 1990.
  • Later it was also listed under the Montreux Record in 1993.
  • Human activity has led to severe pressure on the lake ecosystem.
  • Why in news? A team is constituted to conserve it

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