Law Commission of India – UPSC Prelims

Law Commission:
  • The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of India from time to time.
  • The Commission was originally constituted in 1955 and is re-constituted every three years.
  • The commission is established for a fixed tenure.
  • It works as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice.
  • The recommendations of the commission are not binding on the government. They are recommendations only. The government or concerned department may accept or reject these recommendations.
Functions:
  • Review existing laws.
  • Suggest reforms in justice delivery system.
  • Recommend for the repeal of obsolete laws.
  • Suggest enactment of new legislations.
  • It suggests suitable measures for quick redressal of citizens’ grievances in the field of law.
Establishment of Law Commission
  • The first Law Commission was established during the British Raj era in 1834. It was established by the Charter Act of 1833 and was chaired by Lord Macaulay.
  • In 1955, the first Law Commission of independent India was established for a three-year term. Since then, twenty-one more Commissions have been established.
  • In 2015, The 21st Law Commission of India was established. Its tenure was up to 31st August 2018. In 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the creation of the 22nd Law Commission.
  • The 22nd Law Commission will consist of:
    • a full-time Chairperson;
    • four full-time Members (including Member-Secretary)
    • Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex-officio Member;
    • Secretary, Legislative Department as ex officio Member; and
    • not more than five part-time Members.