Konark Sun Temple

Konark Sun Temple:
  • Konark Sun Temple is located in the East Odisha near the sacred city of Puri.
  • It was built in the 13th century by King Narasimhadeva I (AD 1238-1264).
  • Its scale, refinement and conception represent the strength and stability of the Eastern Ganga Empire as well as the value systems of the historic milieu.
  • The temple is designed in the shape of a colossal chariot.
  • It is dedicated to the sun God.
  • The Konark temple is widely known not only for its architectural grandeur but also for the intricacy and profusion of sculptural work.
  • Also called the Surya Devalaya, it is a classic illustration of the Odisha style of Hindu temple architecture or Kalinga Architecture.
  • This temple was called the “Black Pagoda” in European sailor accounts as early as 1676 because its great tower appeared black.
  • Similarly, the Jagannath Temple in Puri was called the “White Pagoda”. Both temples served as important landmarks for sailors in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1984, it remains a major pilgrimage site for Hindus, who gather here every year for the Chandrabhaga Mela around the month of February.
  • There are two rows of 12 wheels on each side of the Konark sun temple. Some say the wheels represent the 24 hours in a day and others say the 12 months.
  • The seven horses are said to symbolise the seven days of the week.