Konark Sun Temple

  • Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century sun temple at Konark on the coastline of Odisha.
  • The name Konark derives from the combination of the Sanskrit words Kona (corner or angle) and Arka (the sun).
  • The temple is attributed to king Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty
  • Dedicated to the Hindu god Surya, what remains of the temple complex has the appearance of a 100-foot (30 m) high chariot with immense wheels and horses, all carved from stone.
  • Also called the Surya Devalaya, it is a classic illustration of the Odisha style of Hindu temple architecture.
  • This temple was called the “Black Pagoda” in European sailor accounts as early as 1676 because its great tower appeared black.
  • Similarly, the Jagannath Temple in Puri was called the “White Pagoda”. Both temples served as important landmarks for sailors in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1984, it remains a major pilgrimage site for Hindus, who gather here every year for the Chandrabhaga Mela around the month of February.