International Maritime Organisation

  • It is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping.
  • Established in 1948 (Came into force in 1959; First meeting)
  • HQ : London, UK
  • India was one of the earliest members of the IMO and had joined it as a member-state in 1959.
  • The IMO’s primary purpose is to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remit today includes safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, maritime security and the efficiency of shipping.
  • IMO is governed by an assembly of members and is financially administered by a council of members elected from the assembly. IMO Council consists of 40 member countries who are elected by IMO Assembly. It plays a crucial role in deciding various matters related to global shipping industry.
  • Why in news? India was re-elected to Council of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).