Human Freedom Index 2020 – UPSC Prelims

  • Human Freedom Index presents a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraints.
  • The Human Freedom Index 2020 has been jointly released by Fraser Institute in Canada and the Cato Institute in the United States.
  • Parameters: 
    • It uses a 0 to 10 scale to measure personal freedom based on parameters such as:
      • rule of law,
      • safety and security,
      • identity and relationships,
      • freedom of movement,
      • economic freedom,
      • ability of individuals to make their own economic decisions without government or crony interference.
  •  New Zealand has topped the index followed by Switzerland and Hong Kong.
  • India has been placed at the 111th spot out of 162 countries.
  • India was ranked 94th in 2019. So a significant decline.
  • Other countries: The index put China at 129 rank, Bangladesh at 139 and Pakistan at 140.Further, the three least-free countries in descending order are Venezuela, Sudan and Syria.
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