Gopal Krishna Gokhale – UPSC Prelims

Gopal Krishna Gokhale:
  • Gopal Krishna Gokhale(1866 –1915) was an Indian liberal political leader and a social reformer during the Indian Independence Movement.
  • He was born on 9 May 1866
Contributions of Gopal Krishna Gokhale:
  • Role in Indian a National Congress(INC):
    • Gokhale became a member of the Indian National Congress(INC) in 1889.
    • He was associated with the Moderate Group of Indian National Congress.
    • He became president of INC in 1905 in the Banaras session.
  • Role in Legislatures:
    • In 1899, Gokhale was elected to the Bombay Legislative Council.
    • He was also elected to the Imperial Council of the Governor-General of India in 1901.
    • He also played a key role in framing the Morley-Minto reforms of 1909.
  • Related Societies:
    • He served as Secretary of the Deccan Education Society.
    • He established the Servants of India Society in 1905. This society trained people to be selfless workers so that they could work for the common good of the people.
    • Gokhale was a mentor to both Mohammed Jinnah and Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi even wrote a book called, ‘Gokhale, My Political Guru’.
    • In 1908, he founded the ‘Ranade Institute of Economics’.
  • Journals:
    • He started an English weekly newspaper, The Hitavada (The people’s paper).
    • Gokhale also published a daily newspaper Jnanaprakash
    • He was also associated with the Sarvajanik sabha journal started by Govind Ranade.