Global Hunger Index 2017

  • India ranked 100/119
  • India slipped by 3 ranks i.e. from rank 97 in 2016
  • Index is released by Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • In 2017 GHI, India scored 31.4 and was placed in high end of “serious” category.
  • India low ranking also influences South Asia’s regional score as three quarters of South Asia’s population reside in India.
  • India’s neighbours ranking are Nepal (72), Myanmar (77), Bangladesh (88), Sri Lanka (84) and China (29)—except Pakistan (106) and Afghanistan (107).
  • Even North Korea (93) and Iraq (78) fared better in hunger parameters and GHI rankings.
  • More than 20% of Indian children under the age of five have lower weight in relation to their height and about 33% are too short in relation to their age.
  • Despite India being world’s second largest food producer it has second highest under-nourished population in the world.
What is Global Hunger Index (GHI)?
  • The GHI is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation.
  • It is released annually by IFPRI since 2006.
  • It ranks countries on a 100-point scale. Zero on the scale is the best score (no hunger), and 100 is the worst.
  • It highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger. Thus, GHI aims to trigger actions to reduce hunger.
  • The GHI is calculated by taking into account four indicator parameters. They are :
  1. Undernourished population (1/3rd weight),
  2. Child wasting (1/6th weight),
  3. Child stunting (1/6th weight) and
  4. Infant mortality rate (1/3rd weight).
  • Stunting: Deficiency in height in relation to age, reflects chronic undernutrition.
  • Wasting: Low weight in relation to a child’s height, reflects acute undernutrition.

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