Global Health Estimates 2019 – UPSC Prelims

Global Health Estimates
  • World Health Organization(WHO) has released the Global Health Estimates 2019.
  • The report provides a comprehensive and comparable assessment of mortality and loss of health due to diseases and injuries for all regions of the world. The new data of Global Health Estimates cover the period from 2000 to 2019.
Key Findings:
  • Noncommunicable diseases make up 7 of the world’s top 10 causes of death. This is an increase from 4 of the 10 leading causes in 2000.
  • Global decline in deaths from communicable diseases but still a major challenge in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Heart disease caused the most deaths and was responsible for 16% of total deaths. Since 2000, it has seen the largest increase in deaths rising by more than 2 million to nearly 9 million deaths in 2019.
  • Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia are now among the top 10 causes of death worldwide. Globally, 65% of deaths from Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia are women.
  • Deaths from diabetes increased by 70% globally between 2000 and 2019, with an 80% rise in deaths among males.
  • Life expectancy has increased by more than 6 years between 2000 and 2019 – from 66.8 years in 2000 to 73.4 years in 2019.
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