Veer Baal Diwas – UPSC Prelims

Veer Baal Diwas:
  • The Prime Minister has announced that 26th December shall be observed as ‘Veer Baal Diwas’ to mark the martyrdom of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji.
Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji:
  • Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh were the sons of Guru Gobind Singh. They are remembered as among the most respected martyrs in Sikhism.
  • How did they die?
    • A combination of Mughals and hillmen besieged Anandpur Sahib on the orders of emperor Aurangzeb.
    • The Mughals promised to leave the Sikhs alone if they would hand over the fortress of Anandpur Sahib. To this, Guru Gobind Singh agreed and left the town with his family.
    • However, the Mughals broke their promise and attacked them. Guru Gobind Singh entrusted his two sons, Jorawar (9 years old) and Fateh (7 years old) as well as his mother, Mata Gujri, to the care of a cook in his household named Gangu.
    • However, the cook, bribed by Mughals, betrayed the family. The family was then brought to Sirhind in the presence of Wazir Khan, the Nawab of Sirhind.
    • The two sons of Guru Gobind Singh were offered safe passage if they became Muslims. Both refused, and so Wazir Khan sentenced them to death. They were bricked alive.