Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) – UPSC Prelims

Collective Security Treaty Organization:

  • CSTO is an intergovernmental military alliance that was signed in 1992.
  • In 1992, six post-Soviet states belonging to the Commonwealth of Independent States – Russia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, signed the Collective Security Treaty
  • This is also referred to as the “Tashkent Pact” or “Tashkent Treaty”.
  • Three other post-Soviet states – Azerbaijan, Belarus, and Georgia, signed the next year and the treaty took effect in 1994.
  • Five years later, six of the nine – all but Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Uzbekistan, agreed to renew the treaty for five more years, and in 2002 those six agreed to create the CSTO as a military alliance.