National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) – UPSC GS3

National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS):
  • It is being implemented by Department of Science &Technology under Ministry of Science and Technology for period of five years.
  • It is comprehensive mission to address technology development, application development, human resource development & skill enhancement, entrepreneurship and start-up development in CPS and associated technologies.
  • It is aimed at complete convergence with all stakeholders by establishing strong linkages between academia, industry, Government and International Organizations.
  • The Mission has 4 major objectives:
    • Technology Development;
    • HRD & Skill Development;
    • Innovation, Entrepreneurship & Start-ups Ecosystem Development;
    • International Collaborations.
  • It also takes into account international trends and road maps of leading countries for next generation technologies.
Implementation of this mission will develop and bring
  • Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) and associated technologies within reach in the country,
  • Adoption of CPS technologies to address India specific National / Regional issues,
  • Catalyse Translational Research,
  • Produce Next Generation skilled manpower in CPS,
  • Accelerate entrepreneurship and start-up ecosystem development in CPS,
  • Place India at par with other advanced countries and derive several direct and indirect benefits.
  • Give impetus to advanced research in CPS, Technology development and higher education in Science, Technology and Engineering disciplines.
Significance of Mission
  • It will act as engine of growth, benefiting national initiatives in health, education, energy, environment, agriculture, strategic cum security, and industrial sectors, Industry 4.0, SMART Cities and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • It will help bring paradigm shift in entire skill sets requirement.
  • It will boost job opportunities by imparting advanced skills and generating skilled manpower as per requirement of the industry and society.
  • It will support and encourage Central ministries and departments, state governments and also industry to effectively use CPS technologies in their projects and schemes for the benefit of the society.
What are Cyber Physical Systems?
  • Cyber-Physical System (CPS) combines digital/cyber elements with physical objects (e.g. machines, autonomous vehicles) and data with capabilities of communication, data collection & processing, computing, decision making and action.
  • CPS is an integrated system involving Sensors, Communication, Actuators, Control, interconnected computing networks and data analytics.
  • Few Potential applications: Driverless cars that communicate securely with each other on smart roads, Sensors in the home to detect changing health conditions, etc.

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