Coastal Economic Corridor – UPSC GS3

What is it?
  • India has planned to build its first Eastern Coast Economic Corridor (ECEC) from West Bengal to Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu.
  • The idea is to not just build new ports or upgrade old ones but raise entire industrial ecosystems that encompass several such ports.
  • Project is partly financed by Asian Development Bank
Coastal Economic Zones
  • Coastal location allows companies to operate in the world markets unhindered by the poor infrastructure in the hinterland. This was successfully done in China.
  • The NITI Ayog, thus, suggests that India should also work on building a coastal economic zone. This becomes further attractive in the light of Sagarmala initiative
Maritime Clusters and CEZ
  • Maritime clusters are to be one of focal points for economic development along India’s coastline, according to a draft report prepared under Sagarmala Programme of the Ministry of Shipping.
  • The report on port-led-industrial development of the coastal economic clusters identifies two major maritime clusters in Tamil Nadu and Gujarat as areas with potential.
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