Skill India Mission : Analysis – UPSC GS2

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY)
The scheme has 2 components:
  • Short term training STT : Focused on training, certification and placement
  • Recognition of prior learning RPL : Orientation and certification based on existing talents.
It is implemented through skills partners affiliated with National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  • PMKVY trained 6.59 Mn against the target of 7.62 Mn of these only 5.25 Mn were certified and 2.32 Mn were placed.
  • Against a target of 70%, only 35% were placed.
  • In Karnataka, 222378 people were trained and only 72881 were placed. This reflected poor performance at the state level also.
Why poor performance?
  • Lack of quality training
  • Information asymmetry regarding the demand-supply dynamics of skilled candidates
 Monitoring mechanism of the Scheme
  • The training process of the candidates, assessment, certification and placement is monitored in real-time.
  • Training centres are put through processes like self-audit reporting, call validations and surprise visits.
Way forward
  • There is a need for effective appraisal of the schemes.
  • Improve monitoring by involving district skill centres (DSC)

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