One China Policy

  • The one-China policy underscores recognition of China’s sovereignty over Taiwan.
  • This position has been held by the US since 1979.
  • Any country that wants to establish political and diplomatic relations with China must adhere to this principle and not recognise Taiwan as an independent country.
  • Why in news?
    • US President-elect Donald Trump’s statement that the US policy on Taiwan is up for negotiation and that he is not fully committed to it.
    • China reacted by saying that One China policy is non-negotiable. It also held that One China policy is the political foundation of bilateral ties between US and China and Taiwan is an inalienable part of China.

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