Mission Clean Ganga : Funds Underutilised

In news
  • Only about a fifth of Rs.20,000 crore allotted for the National Clean Ganga Mission (NCGM) have been utilised till March 2018.
  • That is roughly the same proportion of the sanctioned money utilised in 2017.
  • About half the money, or Rs.2,814 crore, had been spent on establishing sewage infrastructure.
  • Only 24 of the 65 ‘entry-level’ projects — meant for cleaning the ghats and establishing new ones and cleaning the riverfront and the river surface — had been completed.
  • About 12,000 MLD of sewage is emptied into the Ganga across 11 States, from Uttarakhand to West Bengal.
  • At present, the capacity for sewage treatment is just 4,000 MLD; of this, 1,000 MLD is functional.
  • Coursing 2,500 km, the Ganga is the longest river within India’s borders.
  • Its basin constitutes 26% of the country’s land mass (8,61,404 sq. km.) and supports 43% of its population.
  • Even as the basin spreads across 11 States, five States are located along the river’s main stem: Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal.
Issue Area
  • Much of the river’s pollution load — chemical effluents, sewage, dead bodies, and excreta — comes from these States.
  • Though the industrial pollution, volume-wise, accounts for about 20%, its toxic and non-biodegradable nature has a disproportionate impact.
  • The industrial pollutants largely emanate from tanneries in Kanpur and distilleries, paper mills and sugar mills in the Kosi, Ramganga and Kali river catchments.
  • The municipal sewage, at a billion litres a day, accounts for 80% of the pollution load.

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