Achievement of India’s foreign policy – UPSC GS2

Achievement of India’s foreign policy:
  • Nuclear diplomacy: The NDA made India nuclear in 1998, initiated strategic discussions to resolve nuclear differences, leading eventually to the India-US nuclear deal under the UPA.
  • Gulf diplomacy: Openings towards the conservative Gulf states created by the UPA have been remarkably broadened.
  • Integrating West with the East:
    • The India-US Malabar exercises resumed under the UPA and now include Japan and Australia.
    • The Look East policy of the UPA became the Act East policy under the NDA.
    • The Indo-Pacific concept, first formulated by former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on our soil in 2007, has evolved under the NDA.
  • Increased attention to neighbours:
    • Attention to neighbours has greatly increased, with PM Modi making frequent visits to their capitals.
    • Maritime security in the Indian Ocean has become a priority.
    • Access to naval bases in the Gulf is now available to the Indian navy. – India’s extended neighbourhood.
    • The cultivation of relations with ASEAN has continued; its leaders were present at the Republic Day celebration in 2018 as chief guests.
  • Trading with the West:
    • At the 16th India-EU Leaders Virtual Summit on May 21, where all the 27 leaders were present, a decision to resume negotiations on a Free Trade Agreement was taken.
    • Separately, an Enhanced Trade Partnership Agreement has been signed with post-Brexit UK.
  • Utilising the soft power: Actively promoted India’s soft power and its cultural and religious heritage as a tool of foreign policy. In 2014, the UN declared June 21 as Yoga Day annually.
  • Quiet but intensive diplomacy: India pursued quiet but intensive diplomacy, coupled with strong military measures, on the far more dangerous eastern Ladakh confrontation.
    • The Indian government stood up the Chinese expansionism in northern Bhutan, Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh and South China Sea.
    • Massing 50,000 troops and occupying the Kailash Range heights.
  • Active participation with the international flora: Be it the G20 meetings and those of BRICS and SCO.
    • It has built the International Solar Alliance and the Disaster Resilient Infrastructure Coalition.
    • Developed the Indo-Pacific concept, strengthened the Quad, and launched new initiatives (SAGAR) in the Indian Ocean area.
  • Peaceful ambitions: While India aspires to be a leading power, there is no officially expressed ambition to be a “Vishwa Guru”, even though the West acts as a “Vishwa Guru” in spreading its values as universal.

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