Communism – UPSC GS1

Why communism lost its sheen?
  • Adaptation by capitalism to counter communism. In its efforts to ward of communism, capitalistic forces offered:
    DecolonisationUniversal adult suffrage i.e. democracyMore employment and thus economic wellbeing of citizens
  • Emergence of USA as an unquestionable world leader after Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • Communism basic philosophy was to revolutionise people and overthrow governments. People were tired of revolutions and wars. Communism could not adopt its philosophy to changing world order.
What are the differences between Indian and Chinese form of Communism?
Communism in India differs from that of China largely on the basis of two different models adopted by the two countries for their socio-economic and political orientation:
  • Indian follow Democratic socialism – which is a blend of both Gandhian Socialism and Marxism leaning towards the former whereas China follows the Marxist communism as propounded by Mao Zedong.
  • In India, Public Private sector can co-exist and there is no blanket nationalisation of sectors. In China on the other hand, though reforms were introduced by Deng Xiaoping, state still plays much larger role.
  • China has one party communist rule system. India has multi-party democracy. Fundamental rights though enjoyed by Chinese are not as wider as Indian.
  • Chinese communistic model propagates no link between religion and the state. This is same in India but with an exception Indian state can promote all religions without any discrimination.