National Person or Item in News

Babasaheb Purandare – UPSC Prelims

Babasaheb Purandare Babasaheb Purandare was a celebrated historian, author, and theatre personality. He was famous for his work on Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. The author started writing tales related to the period of Shivaji’s reign at a very young age, which was later compiled into the book titled, ‘Thinagya’. His other renowned books include Raja Shiva Chatrapati and Kesari. He …

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Adi Shankaracharya – UPSC Prelims

Who is Adi Shankaracharya? Adi Guru Shankaracharya was an 8th-century Indian spiritual leader and philosopher. He is said to have been born in Kaladi village on the bank of the Periyar, the largest river in Kerala. Philosophy Advaita Vedanta: Adi Shankaracharya propounded the philosophy of Advaita Vedanta which articulates a philosophical position of radical non dualism, a revisionary worldview which …

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Darjeeling Himalayan Railway – UPSC Prelims

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, also known as the DHR or the Toy Train, is a narrow-gauge railway built between 1879 and 1881. Route: The railway runs between New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling in West Bengal. UNESCO World Heritage Site: In 1999. UNESCO declared the DHR a World Heritage Site. Two more railway lines (Nilgiri and Kalka-Shimla) were later added and the …

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IndiGau – UPSC Prelims

ndiGau: IndiGau is India’s first Cattle Genomic Chip for the conservation of pure varieties of indigenous cattle breeds like Gir, Kankrej, Sahiwal, Ongole etc. Developed by: National Institute of Animal Biotechnology (NAIB), Hyderabad, an autonomous institution under the aegis of the Department of Biotechnology. Significance of IndiGau Chip: Firstly, IndiGau is purely indigenous and the largest cattle chip in …

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Ashwagandha – UPSC Prelims

Ashwagandha: Ashwagandha’ (Withania somnifera) is commonly known as ‘Indian winter cherry ’. It is a traditional Indian herb that boosts energy, reduces stress, and makes the immune system stronger. Ashwagandha has also shown success in treating both acute and chronic rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis(RA) is an autoimmune disease that can cause joint pain and damage throughout your body.