Lachit Borphukan – UPSC Prelims

Lachit Borphukan:
  • Lachit Borphukan was a commander in the Ahom dynasty, located in present-day Assam.
  • He showed exemplary leadership in the Battle of Saraighat (1671).
  • The Battle of Saraighat was a naval battle fought between the Mughal Empire and the Ahom Kingdom.
  • He defeated the Mughal Army by brilliant uses of the terrain, guerrilla tactics, clever diplomatic negotiations to buy time, military intelligence and by exploiting the sole weakness of the Mughal forces—its navy.
  • 24th November is observed as Lachit Diwas in Assam in honour of Lachit Borphukan to commemorate his heroism and the victory of the Assamese army at the Battle of Saraighat.
What is the significance of Lachit Borphukan?
  • Lachit Borphukan was the inspiration behind strengthening India’s naval force and revitalising inland water transport and creating infrastructure associated with it due to his great naval strategies.