International

Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)

The Defence Minister of India inaugurated IFC-IOR in Gurugram. The IFC for Indian Ocean Region has the primary objective of jointly monitoring the vast Indian Ocean Region. The Indian Ocean which is increasingly becoming the bone of contention between different countries, also suffers threats from natural disasters, piracy, terrorism and trafficking. IFC-IOR will provide a way …

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United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

Formerly known as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund is special program of UN devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children. It was created in 1946 to provide relief to children in countries devastated by World War II. It is headquartered in New York City. After …

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Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)

CAATSA stands for “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act” This punitive act was signed by President Donald Trump in August 2017. It mandates US administration to impose sanctions on any country carrying out significant defence and energy trade with sanctioned entities in North Korea, Iran and Russia. This is an act by the Congress, thus …

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Kimberley Process

Kimberley Process is joint initiative of governments, industry and civil societies to stem flow of ‘conflict diamonds’, rough diamonds used by rebel groups to finance wars against legitimate governments. It is also described in United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions. India is one of the founding members of KPCS. At present, KPCS has 54 members representing …

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International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

International Telecommunication Union (ITU): ITU is the United Nations specialised agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs). Members: 193 countries + 900 private-sector entities and academic institutions. HQ: Geneva, Switzerland. It was originally established in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union. It is one of the oldest international organizations in operations. ITU is responsible for allocating global …

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United Nations TIR (Transports Internationaux Routiers) Convention

Also called Customs Convention on International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets, 1975 (TIR Convention) It is an international customs transit system under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) with the widest geographical coverage. It is more than a transport convention. At present, there are 70 parties to the convention including the …

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