United Nations TIR (Transports Internationaux Routiers) Convention

  • Also called Customs Convention on International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets, 1975 (TIR Convention)
  • It is an international customs transit system under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) with the widest geographical coverage.
  • It is more than a transport convention.
  • At present, there are 70 parties to the convention including the European Union.
  • India is going to be 71st country.
  • The TIR is managed and developed by International Road Transport Union (IRU) which is the world road transport organisation.
  • The TIR procedure facilitates movement of goods under customs control across international borders without the payment of the duties and taxes. 
  • It provides a robust guarantee mechanism facilitating the higher growth of Intra-regional trade.