India-China Relations

Engaging Taiwan and Dalai Lama – UPSC GS2

Context: Indian PM greeted the Dalai Lama’s on his 86th birthday. The public acknowledgement is a subtle recalibration in the China policy as he’s persona non grata for China. Dismal state of India- China relations in recent times: Last year, China unilaterally invaded the Eastern Ladakh region and violated the border agreements. India negotiated a disengagement this …

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China’s activities in Tibet – UPSC GS2

China is upgrading defence infrastructure in the Tibetan plateau to nullify the disadvantages that its airpower has in comparison to the Indian airpower. This would afford them a layered air defence setting and affect the balance of power in the medium to long term. What China is doing? Rapid upgradation of aviation infrastructure in Tibet. …

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Comparison of India-China Soft Power – UPSC GS2

Utility: Useful data for IR related answers and essays. What is soft power? Soft power, a tool of foreign policy, is a mix of cultural, policy and political influences based on power of attraction. It is the ability to persuade others in a peaceful means. Foreign policy influence comes from the legitimacy and morality of one’s …

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Galwan Clash : Analysis after one year – UPSC GS2

Utility: Direct question can be asked on Galwan Clash impact on India’s foreign policy, Impact on Indo-Pacific/ Quad / India-US/ India-China relations etc. Galwan Clash: Line of Actual Control (LAC) witnessed violent clashes in Galwan valley in Ladakh leading to death of 20 Indian Soldiers and reportedly death of 43 Chinese soldiers. Government’s Response: No …

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Wolf-Warrior Diplomacy – UPSC GS2

Wolf-Warrior Diplomacy: It is a new approach inside China which reinforces a presumed transition of Chinese diplomacy from conservative, passive, and low-key to assertive, proactive, and high-profile. Wolf Warrior and Wolf Warrior II are Chinese action blockbusters that highlight agents of Chinese special operation forces. They have boosted national pride and patriotism among Chinese viewers. …

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Challenges for India in managing China – UPSC GS2

Recent Border Issues: Last year, ingression by the Chinese army led to a standoff between India and China at the LAC (Line of Actual control). The seven hotspots were Depsang plains, Galwan, Gogra, Hot Springs, North bank of Pangong Tso, Kailash range and Demchok. At Galwan valley, a violent clash broke out that resulted in the death …

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India-China Disengagement Pact – UPSC GS2

Context: The two countries were undergoing severe tensions since May 2020. It is when the Chinese army entered 8 km inside Eastern Ladakh. This Chinese encroachment along east of finger 8 along the LAC (Line of Actual Control) led to unprecedented clashes. The most severe was the Galwan valley clash that caused casualties at both …

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Rise of China – UPSC GS2

Signals of China’s rise: In the financial sphere, China will soon become the world’s largest economy. For the first time, the Fortune Global 500 list contains more companies based in China, including Hong Kong, in comparison to the U.S. There is a possibility that the Chinese renminbi becomes a global reserve currency or e-yuan becomes the currency of digital payment. For example, the …

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8 Principles to tackle India-China Relationship – UPSC GS2

These eight broad principles are outlined by the External Affairs Minister to take bilateral ties forward. They are: Strict adherence to all agreements on border management. Fully respecting the Line of Actual Control (LAC). Making peace and tranquillity along with the frontier the basis for overall ties. Recognizing that a multipolar Asia is an essential constituent of a multipolar world. Managing …

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Chinese villages on border Issue – UPSC GS2

Context: China has been undertaking development of border villages and resettling new residents along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) that separates India and China. Chinese Plan: China is developing villages as “first line and second line villages” along with China’s border with India, Bhutan and Nepal. In some areas, small hamlets, with one or …

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