History for Prelims

Vijayanagara Empire – UPSC Prelims

Vijayanagara Empire Vijayanagara or “city of victory” was the name of both a city and an empire. The empire was founded in the fourteenth century (1336 AD) by Harihara and Bukka of the Sangama dynasty. It stretched from the river Krishna in the north to the extreme south of the peninsula. Vijayanagar Empire was ruled by four important dynasties and they are: Sangama Saluva …

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Krishnadevaraya – UPSC Prelims

Krishnadevaraya: He was the ruler of the Tuluva dynasty of Vijayanagar empire (1509-29 AD). His rule was characterised by expansion and consolidation. He is credited with building some fine temples and adding impressive gopurams to many important south Indian temples. He also founded a suburban township near Vijayanagar called Nagalapuram after his mother. He composed a work on statecraft in Telugu known as the Amuktamalyada.

Kempe Gowda I – UPSC Prelims

Kempe Gowda I Kempe Gowda I was a feudatory king under Vijayanagar empire. He founded the city of Bengaluru in 1537 and named it after their family deity’s consort, Kempamma. He is also credited with the construction of several lakes or keres for the purposes of drinking water and irrigation eg. the Dharmambudhi lake.

Indus Valley Civilisation – UPSC Prelims

The Indus Valley cities show a level of sophistication and advancement not seen in other contemporary civilizations. Urban Features: Most cities had similar patterns. There were two parts: a citadel and the lower town showing presence of hierarchy in society. Most cities had a Great Bath. There were also granaries, 2-storied houses made of burnt bricks, closed drainage lines, excellent …

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Meat residue in Indus Valley – UPSC Prelims

A new study has found the presence of animal products, including cattle and buffalo meat, in ceramic vessels dating back about 4,600 years at seven Indus Valley Civilisation sites. Indications of meat of non-ruminant animals like pigs, ruminant animals like cattle or buffalo and sheep or goat, as well as dairy products. These sites are situated in …

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State Reorganisation Commission – UPSC Prelims

State Reorganisation Commission: Having achieved India’s independence from British rule, reorganization of more than 500 princely states into effective provincial units was one of the biggest tasks. In pursuance of the same, S. K. Dhar commission (1948) and JVP Committee (1948) advocated for reorganization of states based on geographical contiguity, administrative convenience, financial self-reliance and potential for development. However, …

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Lala Lajpat Rai – UPSC Prelims

Lala Lajpat Rai: Birth: He was born on 28th January, 1865 in a small village named Dhudike in Punjab’s Ferozepur district. Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the greatest freedom fighters of India. He was also called ‘Punjab Kesari’ and ‘Lion of Punjab’. He studied law at the Government College, Lahore. Was influenced by Swami Dayananda Saraswati and joined the Arya Samaj in …

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