State Reorganisation Commission – UPSC Prelims

State Reorganisation Commission:
  • Having achieved India’s independence from British rule, reorganization of more than 500 princely states into effective provincial units was one of the biggest tasks.
  • In pursuance of the same, S. K. Dhar commission (1948) and JVP Committee (1948) advocated for reorganization of states based on geographical contiguity, administrative convenience, financial self-reliance and potential for development.
  • However, with the sudden death of Potti Srirammalu following hunger strike in demand for Andhra state created a volatile situation.
  • The Fazl Ali Commission (1953) was set up and its recommendation for reorganization of state based on linguistic criteria (other criteria were also included) was accepted.

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