Election – Representation of People Act

Analysis of powers of ECI – UPSC GS2

Model Code of Conduct: Model code of conduct (MCC) is a set of guidelines that ECI issues before elections. The political parties, candidates, and governments need to follow MCC during an election. T.N Seshan (former chief election commissioner) enforced the model code of conduct (MCC) for the first time using the powers under Article 324. It brought the issue of ballot …

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Independence of State Election Commission – UPSC GS2

The Supreme Court in its recent judgment ruled that government officials cannot be appointed as State Election Commissioner (SEC). Introduction: 25 years have passed since local governance was introduced in India by the 73rd and 74th Constitution Amendments. However, there is very little and actual progress in this direction. There is inadequate devolution of powers …

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Unanimous Elections in Panchayat Polls – UPSC GS2

Context: The Andhra Pradesh state government enhanced incentives for the unanimous election of sarpanches and ward members in gram panchayats. Government’s view: The state government believes that elections to gram panchayats held on a party basis would fuel political rivalry, enmity and intense animosity among the competing parties resulting in hampering harmony and speedy development …

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Freebies

Context: A petition has been filed in the Supreme Court seeking a direction to the Election Commission of India (ECI) to seize the election symbol or deregister a political party that promises or distributes “irrational freebies” from public funds before elections. Freebies in Indian Politics: Political parties promise to offer free electricity/water supply, monthly allowance to unemployed, daily wage workers and …

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Educational Qualification in Elections

Rajasthan and Haryana Governments had passed law which mandated minimum educational qualification for contesting Local Bodies Elections. What was the education criterion proposed? As per the Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Amendment Bill 2015, Candidates were: Required to have passed Class X for contesting municipal elections, Class VIII for contesting panchayat polls for the post of a …

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