Biotechnology for Prelims

Nanomicelles – UPSC Prelims

It is an application of nano technology. Nanomicelles are ultramicroscopic globular structures which can be used as drug delivery system. They are capable of delivering poorly water-soluble drugs as well as the protection of drug molecules. These nanomicelles are extremely cost-effective and can establish itself as a next-generation chemotherapeutic system.

GalSafe pigs – UPSC Prelims

GalSafe Pigs: These are domestic pigs whose genome has been edited and will be used for food and human therapeutics purpose. US Food and Drug Administration(FDA) has approved a first-of-its-kind intentional genomic alteration(IGA) in a line of domestic pigs referred to as GalSafe pigs. What is intentional genomic alteration in animals? It means making specific changes …

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DMH-11 (GM Mustard)

  It is a Genetically Modified Mustard DMH = Dhara Mustard Hybrid It is herbicide tolerant mustard Developed by the Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants of Delhi University It was created by using “barnase/barstar” technology for genetic modification by adding genes from soil bacterium that makes mustard self-pollinating plant. DMH -11 contains three …

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Crispr/Cas9 is related to genome editing.  (Genome: Complete DNA sequence) CRISPR stands for clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats In simple terms, a DNA sequence is cut at a particular spot and then with help of a guide RNA (gRNA) that place is re-made with desired base pairing. This way genes can be altered. It allows …

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Bioremediation – UPSC Prelims

What is bioremediation? Bioremediation is the technology that uses microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants. It uses relatively low cost, low-technology techniques, which generally have a high public acceptance and can often be carried out on site. Bioremediation is a natural process that involves the use of biological entities to neutralize the contaminated site. This technology …

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