Urban Cooperative Banks – UPSC Prelims

  • Urban Cooperative Banks (UCBs) are registered as cooperative societies under the provisions of, either the State Cooperative Societies Act of the State concerned or the Multi State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002.
  • They are regulated and supervised by the Registrar of Cooperative Societies (RCS) of State concerned or by the Central Registrar of Cooperative Societies (CRCS), as the case may be.
  • The applicability of banking laws to cooperatives societies since March 1, 1966 ushered in ‘duality of control’ over UCBs between the Registrar of Cooperative Societies/Central Registrar of Cooperative Societies and the Reserve Bank of India.
  • The Reserve Bank regulates and supervises the banking functions of UCBs under the provisions of Banking regulation Act, 1949(AACS).
  • Within the Reserve Bank, a separate department, viz. Urban Banks Department, has been entrusted with these functions.

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