United Nations

  • UN is successor of ineffective League of Nations and was established in 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict.
  • Now, it has become world’s only truly universal global organization and is foremost forum to address issues that transcend national boundaries and cannot be resolved by any one country acting alone.
  • Its prime role is to maintain world peace, human rights, promote social and economic development and provide aid around the world in cases of famine, natural disaster and armed conflict.
  • The main organs of UN are:  
    • General Assembly (UNGA),
    • Security Council (UNSC),
    • Economic and Social Council (UNESOC),‎
    • International Court of Justice (ICJ),
    • UN Secretariat,
    • Trusteeship Council.
League of Nations (LoN)
LoN was founded in January, 1920 as a result of Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I. LoN was first international organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. ‎But onset of World War II, demonstrated that LoN failed in its primary purpose of preventing another world war.

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