United Nations Security Council (UNSC) – UPSC Prelims

United Nations Security Council (UNSC):
  • UNSC is one of six principal organs of the United Nations Organisation (UNO).
  • Its mandate is to maintain international peace and security.
  • UNSC has 15 members, including five permanent viz. China, France, Russia, United Kingdom and United States.
  • Each of the five permanent members has veto power.
  • 10 non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms each.
    Non-permanent members are:
    • Belgium
    • Côte d’Ivoire
    • Dominican Republic
    • Equatorial Guinea
    • Germany
    • Indonesia
    • Kuwait
    • Peru
    • Poland
    • South Africa
  • Its powers include establishment of peacekeeping operations, imposing international sanctions, and authorization of collective military action through resolutions.
  • It is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
  • General Assembly elects each year five non-permanent members of the Security Council.
  • Non-permanent members of the Council should be elected according to the following pattern:
    1. Five from African and Asian States;
    2. One from Eastern European States;
    3. Two from Latin American States;
    4. Two from Western European and other States.

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