UDAN – Regional Connectivity Scheme – UPSC Prelims

Ministry/Department:  Ministry of Civil Aviation
UDAN stands for Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik
Objective: To develop a regional aviation market. It seeks to connect under-served and unserved airports in India through the revival of existing airstrips and airports.
  • It was launched in 2017 by the Ministry of Civil Aviation. The scheme is a component of the National Civil Aviation Policy (NCAP), 2016.
  • Objectives:
    • Create affordable yet economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes.
    • Development of remote areas and enhancing trade and commerce and tourism expansion.
    • Employment creation in the aviation sector.
  • Duration: The scheme would be in operation for a period of 10 years.
  • Under the scheme, airlines have to cap airfares for 50% of the total seats at Rs. 2,500 per hour of flight.
  • This would be achieved through
    1. A financial stimulus in the form of concessions from Central and State governments and airport operators and
    2. Viability Gap Funding– A government grant provided to the airlines to bridge the gap between the cost of operations and expected revenue.
  • The partner State Governments (other than North Eastern States and Union Territories where contribution will be 10 %) would contribute a 20% share to this fund.
  • Regional Connectivity Fund would be created to meet the viability gap funding requirements under the scheme.
  • The RCF levy per departure will be applied to certain domestic flights.
  • Phases Under the Scheme:
    • UDAN 1.0 and 2.0: During RCS-UDAN version 1.0 & 2.0, 66 airports were identified and 31 heliports (28 unserved heliports and 3 unserved airports).
    • UDAN 3.0: During UDAN version 3.0, to increase the tourism potential at the coastal areas, Tourism routes in coordination with the Ministry of Tourism and Seaplanes for connecting Water Aerodromes were included.
    • UDAN 4.0: The focus of UDAN 4.0 is on priority areas like North East Region, Hilly States, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh and Islands.
  • Hisar airport has been inaugurated under this scheme.
  • UDAN can be mentioned in answers related to infrastructure, innovative steps taken by government

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top