Sundarbans – UPSC Prelims

  • Sundarbans is vast contiguous mangrove forest ecosystem in the coastal region of Bay of Bengal spread across India and Bangladesh.
  • It covers approximately 10,000 square kilometres of area of which 60% is in Bangladesh and remaining in India.
  • It is located in delta region of Padma, Meghna and Brahmaputra river basins.
  • It is the largest tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world.
  • It was recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
  • It is a Ramsar Site.
  • Sundarbans forests are known for Royal Bengal Tiger and other numerous species of animals, including Chital Deer, Crocodile and Snakes.
  • It is home to 428 species of birds.
  • It is facing threat from climate change and rise in sea level.
  • It also faces threat from widespread construction and clearing of mangrove forests for fisheries.

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